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Bhutan

Bhutan is a tiny, remote and impoverished kingdom nestling in the Himalayas between its powerful neighbours, India and China. Almost completely cut off for centuries, it has tried to let in some aspects of the outside world while fiercely guarding its ancient traditions. The Bhutanese name for Bhutan, Druk Yul, means "Land of the Thunder Dragon" and it only began to open up to outsiders in the 1970s.

Bhutan's ancient Buddhist culture and breathtaking scenery make it a natural tourist attraction. Tourism is restricted; visitors must travel as part of a pre-arranged package or guided tour. Backpackers and independent travellers are discouraged. National dress is compulsory - the knee-length wrap-around "gho" for men and the ankle-length dress known as the "kira" for women. The Bhutanese monarchy has also promoted the philosophy of "Gross National Happiness" (GNH), which strives to achieve a balance between the spiritual and the material. But by the 1990s, attempts to stress the majority Buddhist culture and the lack of any political representation had led to deep resentment among the ethnic Nepali community in the south

Mythical Bhutan Travels combines all Tours, Trekking, and Adventures of both the mind and the body. Generally our tours combine with short hikes or also sometime with long treks (and walks for less energetic and aged ones). For others who do not like physical exercises, we provide cultural trips for those keen on exploring Bhutan’s artistic, religious and cultural heritage, and nature adventures such as Birds, animals and flower watching, sightseeing and trips to country’s prized parks and sanctuaries for nature lovers. Mythical Bhutan Travels will also arrange tailor made programs for their clients.



A chronology of key events Timeline:-
  • 1907:- Ugyen Wangchuck is chosen as hereditary ruler.
  • 1910:- Treaty signed with British giving them control over Bhutan's foreign relations.
  • 1949:- Treaty signed with newly-independent India guaranteeing non-interference in Bhutan's internal affairs, but allowing Delhi influence over foreign relations.
  • 1952:- Reformist monarch Jigme Dorji Wangchuck succeeds to throne.
  • 1952:- National assembly established.
  • 1971:- Bhutan joins United Nations.
  • 1974:- First foreign tourists allowed in.
  • 1989:- Nepali ceases to be a language of instruction in schools.
  • 1990:- Violent ethnic unrest and anti-government protests in southern Bhutan pressing for greater democracy and respect for Nepali rights. Bhutan People's Party begins campaign of violence. Thousands of ethnic Nepalis flee to Nepal.
  • 1993:- Bhutan and Nepal try to resolve refugee problem.
  • 1996:- Nepal demands all 80,000 or so refugees should be accepted back by Bhutan.
  • 1997:- Amnesty International raises serious concerns over human rights situation in southern Bhutan.
  • 2007:- February - Bhutan signs a landmark agreement with India which revises ties with its neighbour, giving Bhutan more say over its foreign and defence policies.
  • 2008:- November - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is crowned king. India alleges links between Assamese separatists and Bhutan dissident Druk National Congress.
  • 2013:- July - Parliamentary elections: opposition People's Democratic Party wins 32 seats in the lower house, against the incumbent Druk Phuensum Tshogpa party's 15 seats.



Facts:-
  • Full name:- Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Population:- 750,000 (UN, 2012)
  • Capital and largest city:- Thimphu
  • Area:- 38,364 sq km (14,812 sq miles)
  • Major language:- Dzongkha (official)
  • Major religions:- Buddhism (official), Hinduism
  • Life expectancy:- 66 years (men), 70 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit:- 1 ngultrum = 100 chetrum
  • Main exports:- Electricity, timber, cement, agricultural products, handicrafts
  • GNI per capita:- US $2,130 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain:- .bt
  • International dialing code:- +975

 


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